Ultrasonic Level Switch Operating Principle

Ultrasonic level switches operate using ultrasonic sound wave propagation. Ultrasonic sound waves are greatly attenuated when transmitted through air. Conversely, when liquid is present, transmission of the sound waves is greatly enhanced. The electronic control unit generates electrical signals that are converted to bursts of ultrasonic energy at the sensor. The ultrasonic bursts are transmitted across the liquid sensing gap. Upon receipt of a valid signal, the solid-state electronics generate a data enable condition, indicating liquid is present. This signal energizes a relay and provides an output condition.