General Operating Principles
A piston, encapsulating a permanent magnet, is positioned in the flow path within the unit housing. When displaced by the pressure differential from fluid flow, this piston magnetically actuates a hermetically sealed reed switch (SPST or SPDT, depending on the series) within the unit. The piston metering land diameter precisely sets the actuation point by regulating bypass clearance. A stainless steel spring provides positive piston return as flow decreases. The reed switch, when actuated, can be used to operate remote alarms or indicators. Or, it may be integrated into automatic system controls.
An additional, lap-fitting piston is used in Gems FS-926 Series to accurately detect low-flow rates. Calibration is determined by one or more metering holes in the top of the low-flow piston, which regulates bypass flow, and therefore the actuation setting. When metered bypass flow is exceeded, the resultant pressure differential displaces the low-flow piston, moving the magnet carrier piston to actuate the reed switch. Two large bypass holes in the piston skirt are exposed after actuation to maintain low pressure drop.
Externally Adjustable Switches
The FS-10798 Series offers infinite flow settings from 0.5 to 20 GPM. Versions suitable for gas flow monitoring are also available.